PhD: 3D Unsteady CFD model for Multi-Rotor Multi-Body Fluid Structure Interaction

PhD: 3D Unsteady CFD model for Multi-Rotor Multi-Body Fluid Structure Interaction

Published Deadline Location
1 Jul 15 Sep Delft

Job description

Wind turbines and propellers operate in aerodynamic conditions dominated by 3D unsteady flows, rotor and body deformation and strong blade-vortex interactions. For this reason, a design and analysis tool with the capacity of modelling the fluid structure interaction under these conditions is of great importance. Such tool would enable a designer to better understand the physics of the problem and improve the design of the turbine. Producing more efficient and long lasting VAWT’s.

Currently, Eulerian solvers (e.g. OpenFOAM) are very efficient in accurately resolving the flow near solid boundaries. On the other hand, Eulerian solvers tend to be diffusive and to dampen high-intensity vortical structures after a short distance away from the boundary. The use of high order methods and fine grids, although alleviating this problem, gives rise to large systems of equations that are expensive to solve. Eulerian solvers also require mesh generation that can be cumbersome and require manual labour.

Lagrangian solvers, for instance vortex particle methods, have shown to eliminate (in practice) the diffusion in the wake. As a drawback, the modelling of solid boundaries is less accurate and much more complex and costly than with Eulerian solvers (due to the isotropy of its computational elements). Lagrangian models are gridless, and allow for linear combination of solutions and thus superposition of elements.

Given the drawbacks and advantages of both the Eulerian and Lagrangian solvers the combination of both methods, giving rise to a Hybrid solver, is advantageous.

The main objective behind this project is to develop a 3D Hybrid solver implemented in OpenFOAM purposed for lift-driven aerodynamics such as in wind energy and aircraft. More specifically, this PhD project focuses on the addition of fluid-structure interaction capability by introducing a combination of domain deformation and partitioned fluid-structure coupling methods. In a region close to solid boundaries the flow, the full Navier-Stokes equations are solved on a deforming (meshed) domain and coupled to a structure dynamics model (possibly with an arbitrary turbulence model or DNS, the limitations being the computational power and the physical properties of the flow); outside of that region, the flow is solved with a Lagrangian (meshless) vortex particle method. In this hybrid approach, the complexity and size of the deforming mesh problem is substantially reduced as it is only required for a small domain close to the body. Also, interaction between different bodies moving in each other’s vicinity is facilitated through the Lagrangian (meshless) vortex particle.

The project builds upon the work developed during the last eight years by PhD students and PostDocs that resulted in a code, able to model 2D unsteady viscous problems, and in collaboration with PhD students currently working on the 3D extension of this hybrid code.

Specifications

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

Requirements

The candidate should have an MSc degree in Aerospace Engineering from a well-established university, or an MSc degree in related engineering disciplines such as applied physics, applied mathematics, or mechanical engineering with a proven experience (courses, projects, work experience) in the field of computational fluid mechanics. A combination of good mathematical/analytical skills and a strong interest in high-fidelity numerical simulations is required. Experience with OpenFOAM is preferred. Proven experience with such simulations and related data processing is advantageous for this position. Since an important part of research work is dissemination and collaboration, fluent communication skills, both written and orally, in English are of utmost importance. Female scientists are particularly encouraged to apply.

Doing a PhD at TU Delft requires English proficiency at a certain level to ensure that the candidate is able to communicate and interact well, participate in English-taught Doctoral Education courses, and write scientific articles and a final thesis. For more details please check the Graduate Schools Admission Requirements.

Conditions of employment

Doctoral candidates will be offered a 4-year period of employment in principle, but in the form of 2 employment contracts. An initial 1,5 year contract with an official go/no go progress assessment within 15 months. Followed by an additional contract for the remaining 2,5 years assuming everything goes well and performance requirements are met.

Salary and benefits are in accordance with the Collective Labour Agreement for Dutch Universities, increasing from € 2443 per month in the first year to € 3122 in the fourth year. As a PhD candidate you will be enrolled in the TU Delft Graduate School. The TU Delft Graduate School provides an inspiring research environment with an excellent team of supervisors, academic staff and a mentor. The Doctoral Education Programme is aimed at developing your transferable, discipline-related and research skills.

The TU Delft offers a customisable compensation package, discounts on health insurance and sport memberships, and a monthly work costs contribution. Flexible work schedules can be arranged. For international applicants we offer the Coming to Delft Service and Partner Career Advice to assist you with your relocation.

Employer

Delft University of Technology

Delft University of Technology is built on strong foundations. As creators of the world-famous Dutch waterworks and pioneers in biotech, TU Delft is a top international university combining science, engineering and design. It delivers world class results in education, research and innovation to address challenges in the areas of energy, climate, mobility, health and digital society. For generations, our engineers have proven to be entrepreneurial problem-solvers, both in business and in a social context. At TU Delft we embrace diversity and aim to be as inclusive as possible (see our Code of Conduct). Together, we imagine, invent and create solutions using technology to have a positive impact on a global scale.

Challenge. Change. Impact! 

Department

Faculty Aerospace Engineering

The Faculty of Aerospace Engineering at Delft University of Technology is one of the world’s most highly ranked (and most comprehensive) research, education and innovation communities devoted entirely to aerospace engineering. More than 200 science staff, around 250 PhD candidates and over 2,700 BSc and MSc students apply aerospace engineering disciplines to address the global societal challenges that threaten us today, climate change without doubt being the most important. Our focal subjects: sustainable aerospace, big data and artificial intelligence, bio-inspired engineering and smart instruments and systems. Working at the faculty means working together. With partners in other faculties, knowledge institutes, governments and industry, both aerospace and non-aerospace. Working in field labs and innovation hubs on our university campus and beyond.

Click here to go to the website of the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering.

The Department of Aerodynamics, Wind Energy and Flight Performance and Propulsion (AWEP) is one of four departments composing Aerospace Engineering. Fundamental research is performed in the Aerodynamics section. Aircraft design, propulsion systems and their integration are the main topics in the FPP section. Wind energy systems, from small wind turbines to large offshore farms, are the objective of the research of the Wind Energy Section. The department operates comprehensive laboratories, equipped with modern wind tunnels and state-of-the-art measurement systems.

The Wind Energy Section facilitates the development of wind energy technology and the expansion of the use of wind power through research and education.

In its research activities there is a focus on large multi megawatt offshore wind turbines and offshore wind farms, though urban and airborne wind power is also addressed. Both technology development aspects as well as fundamental aspects are present in the research program. With respect to educational courses, the BSc and MSc level are offered for Aerospace students, SET students and for the European Wind Energy Master (EWEM) students.    

Additional information

For more information about this position, please contact Prof.Dr.ir. Carlos Ferreira, phone: +31 (0)15-2782073, e-mail: c.j.simaoferreira@tudelft.nl or Dr. Alexander van Zuijlen A.H.vanZuijlen@tudelft.nl

Specifications

  • PhD
  • Natural sciences
  • €2541—€3247 per month
  • University graduate
  • TUD02018

Employer

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

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Location

Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD, Delft

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Application procedure

Are you interested in this vacancy? Please apply before 15-9-2022 via the application button and upload your motivation and CV.

  • A pre-employment screening can be part of the selection procedure.
  • Applying for an exemption for specific research and educational areas is an obligatory part of the selection procedure for this vacancy. This exemption must be obtained from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW) before an employment contract is agreed upon. Click here for more information.
  • You can apply online. We will not process applications sent by email and/or post.
  • Acquisition in response to this vacancy is not appreciated.

Application procedure

Application procedure

Are you interested in this vacancy? Please apply before 15-9-2022 via the application button and upload your motivation and CV.

  • A pre-employment screening can be part of the selection procedure.
  • Applying for an exemption for specific research and educational areas is an obligatory part of the selection procedure for this vacancy. This exemption must be obtained from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW) before an employment contract is agreed upon. Click here for more information.
  • You can apply online. We will not process applications sent by email and/or post.
  • Acquisition in response to this vacancy is not appreciated.

Make sure to apply no later than 15 Sep 2022 23:59 (Europe/Amsterdam).