Research Project: "Planetary Justice and Energy Transition Technologies"
This research project investigates the link between planetary justice and the energy transition. It will clarify the planetary justice issues raised by the energy transition, drawing on the triumvirate approach to energy justice that incorporates recognitional justice, distributive justice, and procedural justice. It will also ask whether the theory of planetary justice can stand in the absence of a broader ethical framework, and, if necessary, explore the role other ethical considerations.
The energy transition relies on renewable energy, technologies aiming at sustainable behavior change and energy efficiency, carbon capture and storage, and possibly nuclear energy. The project will start with a review of these technologies to identify whether to focus on a specific type of technology or several of them regarding their potential to promote planetary justice from a multi-level governance perspective.
The objectives of the projects are twofold:
- To clarify the demands of planetary justice in the context of the energy transition ;
- To apply planetary justice to the multi-level governance process for the energy transition.
To achieve the first objective, a conceptual literature review covering different fields will be conducted, especially planetary justice, energy justice, and gender justice. At this stage, an intersectional approach will be adopted that focuses on the different and often mutually reinforcing forms of injustices.
Depending on the findings of the review and the skills of the PhD candidate, the second objective can be achieved through:
- a top-down approach making principles of justice operational by translating them into assessment criteria and indicators;
- a bottom-up approach including semi-structured interviews, focus group meetings and action research;
- or a combination of both approaches involving participatory methods, for instance by using the inputs of scholars through interviews or surveys to assess the principles.
In any case, the second objective will be pursued through a multi-scalar approach articulating principles of justice with specific energy transition initiatives at the international, national, or sub-national level.