PhD position – Cavitation Inception Speed Control

PhD position – Cavitation Inception Speed Control

Published Deadline Location
8 Sep 13 Oct Enschede

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Job description

CISCON is a consortium that gathers 3 major Dutch universities (University of Twente, Delft University of Technology, and Leiden University) and the Marin Maritime Research Institute Netherlands . This project is focused on cavitation inception on ship propellers with the aim of reducing maritime noise pollution. The position described here will be hosted by the University of Twente and will investigate the physics of cavitation in controlled and miniaturized fluidic systems in order to overcome the shortcomings of current cavitation models

Ship propulsion at high speed or under adverse conditions causes cavitation, a hydrodynamic phenomenon that leads to an important increase in underwater radiated noise thereby affecting the ship’s signature and marine life in a negative way. Therefore, both ecological, economical and strategic reasons call for the reduction of cavitation. This project 1) acquires fundamental knowledge on the phenomenon, 2) models and predicts the moment when cavitation inception occurs in various conditions, and 3) applies this knowledge at the training center of the Royal Netherlands Navy to develop the preconditions for real life navigation that allow for minimizing cavitation.

State of the art: It has been known for several decades that sheet cavitation inception depends both on the physical properties of the liquid, the surface shape and roughness and the flow conditions. Recently, high-speed observations on the microscale have enabled a detailed phenomenological description of cavitation inception on isolated roughness elements, micropits, and smooth surfaces. These studies indicate that the entrainment of a bubble into a separated flow region near the surface is an essential step for surface cavitation inception. However, poor control over surface characteristics and water quality, as well as limited spatiotemporal resolution have hindered a complete understanding of the physical mechanisms at stake, owing, furthermore, to the missing details of the local flow velocities and pressures . However, a microchannel is well suited to study the details of hydrodynamic cavitation. Moreover, the microscale environment enables detailed investigations of the flow and surface characteristics.

Objectives: We propose to conduct a well-controlled and detailed multiscale study of the full parameter space governing surface cavitation inception in a microchannel to fully explain the underlying physical mechanisms. The microchannel will provide full control over flow, surface characteristics and water quality.


University of Twente (UT)


  • You will be embedded in the Physics of Fluids group of the University of Twente. This will give you access to state-of-the-art facilities and scientific knowledge. Beyond your direct collaborators of the project
  • You will also interact with direct colleagues in the group on a scientific level, with the technical staff that will support you in designing efficient experimental setups (for example).
  • You will therefore have all the guidance you may require in your local environment, as well as the freedom to apply your own ideas and intuitions.
  • You have a Master’s degree in physics, engineering.
  • You are a team player and enjoy interdisciplinary work.
  • You have good communication skills, and you are driven by scientific curiosity.
  • You can speak and write English proficiently.

Conditions of employment

  • The PhD salary is € 2.770,- in the first year and increases to € 3.539,- in the fourth year.
  • A holiday allowance of 8% of the gross annual salary and a year-end bonus of 8.3%. (14 months)
  • The number of holiday hours for full-time employment is 232 hours per calendar year (i.e., full time).
  • A personal development program within the Twente Graduate School.
  • A family-friendly institution that offers parental leave (both paid and unpaid)
  • Free access to sports facilities on campus
  • The University offers a dynamic ecosystem with enthusiastic colleagues


  • PhD
  • Engineering
  • max. 40 hours per week
  • €2770—€3539 per month
  • University graduate
  • 1410


University of Twente (UT)

Learn more about this employer


Drienerlolaan 5, 7522NB, Enschede

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