Are you fascinated by the challenge to de-fossilize shipping? Ammonia is a sustainable, carbon-free fuel that could take-up that challenge. In the AmmoniaDrive project an innovative combination of a Fuel-Cell (SOFC) and an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) is introduced.
However, using ammonia efficiently in such an application has many challenges. In this PhD project the focus is on optimizing the ICE using NH3/H2 by Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD).Background
Ammonia is considered by many as an effective hydrogen carrier and future fuel for sea-going vessels. This is mainly because of its cost-effectiveness, scalability, energy-density, and the simple fact that it is carbon-free.Overall Project Objective
The main objective of the AmmoniaDrive research project
is to increase both the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) and Societal Readiness Level (SRL) of AmmoniaDrive power plants. The consortium will aim to achieve this with nine PhD researchers and a Post-Doctoral researcher. The PhD researcher sought for this vacancy is expected to collaborate with the fellow researchers in the AmmoniaDrive project and the project partners (6 Dutch universities, 3 knowledge institutes and 15 companies).PhD Project Objective
Work package 1 (WP1, 4PhD's) focuses is on the performance of NH3 in the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)/Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) combination. NH3 might not burn efficiently enough (too slow) even in slow-running marine-size engines. However, the SOFC may be used to generate H2 and increase the burning velocity considerably. To study this in detail a numerical model (CFD) will be developed to predict the behaviour of NH3-fueled engines and the effect of adding H2 from the off-gas of a Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC).
The following challenges are identified for this PhD project:
- Implement and validate an efficient combustion model for baseline NH3 engine experiments. Close collaboration with PhD3 (engine-experiments) from WP1.
- Predict effect of synthetic AOG (H2 mostly) on the efficiency of the engine. Interaction with PhD1 (SOFC experiments) for a realistic AOG composition and PhD2 for accurate chemistry model for NH3/H2 mixtures.
- Investigate advanced technologies to (further) increase efficiency, e.g. Turbulent Jet Ignition, High-Pressure DI, RCCI concept. Co-operate with PhD3.
- Investigate the application of NH3/AOG in a large two-stroke marine size engine.
She/he will be in Eindhoven. Daily supervisor of the PhD researcher will be dr.ir. L.M.T. Somers and dr.ir. X.L.J. Seykens (TU/e-TNO).